China Has Cultivated The World’s First Hornless Yak

The yak is originally a special animal in the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. It is a typical alpine animal and is extremely cold-tolerant. The original yak survived in the Pleistocene more than three million years ago and is widely distributed in the northeast of Eurasia. Later, due to crustal movement and climate change, it moved south to the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau in China, and adapted to the alpine climate and continued to evolve into a modern yak.


The yak is full of treasure, high in fleshy protein, rich in meat and rich in game. Its hair is slender and its texture is flexible. Herders use it to weave small accounts. It is warm in winter and cool in summer, sheltering from wind and water, and durable. Its cowhide is soft and comfortable. For high-grade wool. Its leather can be made of exquisite leather, lustrous, and exquisite materials, which are the best in leather. The bone cement is made of bone, transparent and bright, and has strong viscosity and wide application.The yak is not ordinary oxen and cows. An adult male yak weighs 440 kilograms. The body is tall, the hair is not only bright, but the length is almost vertical.

There are nearly 16 million yaks in the world, including more than 15 million in China. It is the world’s largest number of yaks and breeds, accounting for more than 95% of the world’s total yak.

The cultivation of hornless livestock breeds is a “hot spot” for livestock breeding and improvement work in various countries around the world. The world famous ones include Scottish Angus cattle and American hornless shorthorn cattle. Someone can’t help but ask, “Is there a soul without a horn?”

Yan Ping, deputy director of the Lanzhou Institute of Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Medicine, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, and the chief of the breeding team of yak resources and breeding, said that with the diversification of traditional feeding methods, horned yaks exposed each other in scale and intensive breeding. Food, destruction of housing and other drawbacks.


In order to further enrich and develop the improved yak system, the Datong Breeding Farm of Qinghai Province and the Lanzhou Institute of Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Medicine of the Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences carried out the cultivation of new hornless yak breeds in 1993. After more than 20 years of unremitting efforts, the bred meat was bred. The “Ashdan” yak with excellent performance, on April 28, 2019, approved by the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs as a new national breed, and is a new yak breed cultivated by the world’s second man after the “Datong Yak”.

Compared with other yak breeds, “Ashdan” yak has a gentle temperament, is not easy to fight, easy to raise, and easy to manage. It can increase the density of feeding while reducing the injury rate naturally, which is convenient for feeding. The genetic basis and body appearance of the new varieties are significantly different from the existing 17 yak local breeds in China.The breeding of “Ashdan” yak, standardized intensive farming of yak in the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, meets the diversified needs of yak breeds in China, and makes full use of the forage resources in the alpine, semi-agricultural and semi-pastoral areas of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau to accelerate the efficiency of yak industry Increasing production and increasing the income of herders are of great significance. It fills the blank of yak with hornless house feeding as the main species, which indicates that China has made breakthrough progress in large animal breeding.